Gambling involves risking something of value for a chance to win an equivalent value. This is a common form of entertainment for people of all ages and backgrounds. It can be done in many forms, including online casinos and sportsbooks, which generate revenue and jobs for local communities. However, gambling is not without its risks and can have a negative impact on society.

The impacts of gambling can be observed on a personal, interpersonal and community/society level. These can include financial, labor and health and well-being. Those at the personal and interpersonal levels experience direct costs or benefits as a result of their gambling activities, while those at the community/society level have indirect costs or benefits. For example, gamblers’ debts and financial strain can have effects on family members and may even lead to bankruptcy or homelessness.

Some of the most significant economic impacts of gambling are in the retail and recreational/amusement sectors. These are mainly due to the increase in property prices and other living expenses caused by casino introduction and expansion, as well as higher competition for staff. Other impacts can be seen in the community and social capital, where studies have shown a decline in the quality of life, social cohesion and sense of belonging after gambling introduction [76].

It is important to recognize the negative effects of gambling and seek help if necessary. Developing and maintaining a strong support network can be helpful for those struggling with addiction, as can enrolling in an educational program or joining a peer support group, such as Gamblers Anonymous.